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New Initiatives in Building Energy Efficiency

  • 22 Jul 2021
  • 6 min read

Why in News

Recently, “Aiming for Sustainable Habitat: New Initiatives in Building Energy Efficiency 2021” was launched by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).

  • These initiatives seek to enhance energy efficiency in the building sector and were launched as part of 'Azadi Ka Amrut Mahotsav'.

Bureau of Energy Efficiency

  • The BEE is a statutory body established through the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 under the Union Ministry of Power.
  • It assists in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
  • BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organizations to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing its functions.

Key Points

  • Initiatives Launched:
    • Eco Niwas Samhita 2021:
      • It is an Energy Conservation Building Code for Residential Buildings (ECBC-R) to give a further fillip to India’s energy conservation efforts.
      • It specifies code compliance approaches and minimum energy performance requirements for building services, and verification framework with Eco Niwas Samhita 2021.
    • Hand Book for Learning:
      • The web-based platform ‘The Handbook of Replicable Designs for Energy Efficient Residential Buildings’ as a learning tool, which can be used to create a pool of ready-to-use resources of replicable designs to construct energy-efficient homes in India.
    • Online Directory of Building Materials:
      • Creating an Online Directory of Building Materials that would envisage the process of establishing standards for energy efficient building materials.
    • NEERMAN Awards:
      • NEERMAN Awards, (National Energy Efficiency Roadmap for Movement towards Affordable & Natural Habitat) were announced, with the goal of encouraging exceptionally efficient building designs complying with BEE’s Energy Conservation Building Codes.
    • Online Star Rating Tool:
      • It provides performance analysis to help professionals decide the best options to pick for energy-efficiency of their homes.
      • It was launched for Energy Efficient Homes, created to improve energy-efficiency and reduce energy consumption in individual homes.
    • Training:
      • Training of over 15,000 Architects, Engineers and Government officials on Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017 and Eco Niwas Samhita 2021.
  • Significance:
    • The building sector is the second largest consumer of electricity after industry but it is expected to become the largest energy consuming sector by 2030.
    • These initiatives will help enhance the energy-efficiency levels in residential buildings across the country, thereby leading to sustainable habitation.
      • The initiatives will go a long way to make India more energy-efficient.

Energy Efficiency in India

  • Energy Efficiency:
    • Energy efficiency means using less energy to perform the same task – that is, eliminating energy waste.
    • Energy efficiency brings a variety of benefits: reducing GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emissions, reducing demand for energy imports, and lowering our costs on a household and economy-wide level.
  • Transition:
  • Potential of Energy Efficiency:
    • Energy Efficiency has the maximum GHG abatement potential of around 51% followed by renewables (32%), biofuels (1%), nuclear (8%), carbon capture and storage (8%) as per the World Energy Outlook (WEO 2010).
    • India can avoid building 300 GW of new power generation up to 2040 with implementation of ambitious energy efficiency policies.
  • Positives:
    • Successful implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures contributed to electricity savings of 7.14% of total electricity consumption of the country and emission reduction of 108.28 million tonnes of CO2 during 2017-18.
  • Other initiatives to Promote Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency:
    • PAT Scheme:
    • Standards and Labeling:
      • The scheme was launched in 2006 and is currently invoked for equipments/appliances Room Air Conditioner (Fixed/VariableSpeed), Ceiling Fan, Colour Television, Computer, Direct Cool Refrigerator, Distribution Transformer, Domestic Gas Stove, General Purpose Industrial Motor, LED Lamps, Agricultural Pumpset, etc.
    • Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC):
      • It was developed for new commercial buildings in 2007.
      • It sets minimum energy standards for new commercial buildings having a connected load of 100kW (kilowatt) or contract demand of 120 KVA (kilovolt-ampere) and above.
    • Demand Side Management:
      • DSM is the selection, planning, and implementation of measures intended to have an influence on the demand or customer-side of the electric meter.

Source: PIB

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