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National Animal Disease Control Programme & National Artificial Insemination Programme

  • 12 Sep 2019
  • 4 min read

Recently, the Prime Minister launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP), to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country, at Mathura.

Key Highlights

  • National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)
    • The following are the aims of NADCP programme:
      • To vaccinate over 600 million cattle in the country in an effort to mitigate the two diseases namely, the Foot & Mouth Disease, & brucellosis.
      • The programme also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.
      • To control the livestock diseases by 2025, and eradicate them by 2030.
      • The livestock that will be covered under the programme includes cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs against the FMD.
    • The project will be fully funded by the Central Government.
  • The Prime Minister also launched the National Artificial Insemination Programme and a country-wide workshop in all the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) throughout the 687 districts of the country on ‘vaccination and disease management, Artificial Insemination and Productivity’.
  • The launch of ‘Swachhta Hi Seva’ programme on reducing the usage of single-use plastics in the country was one of the key highlights of the event.

Way Forward

  • Animal Husbandry and other allied activities have a greater role to play in increasing the farmers’ income. Investments in Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, bee-keeping, inter alia will bring more returns to the farmers.
  • In the last five years, India has followed a new approach to farming and allied activities. Innovation and new technology is the need of the hour, to expand the Dairy Sector in India. The launch of the “Start-up Brand Challenge” to appreciate innovations coming from the villages is a welcome step in this regard.

National Artificial Insemination Programme

  • Artificial insemination is a novel method of bringing about impregnation in female breeds.
  • It prevents the spread of certain diseases which are genital in nature, thereby enhancing the efficiency of the breed.

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)

  • KVK is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS), which aims at the assessment of location-specific technology modules in agriculture and allied enterprises, through technology assessment, refinement, and demonstrations.
  • KVKs have been functioning as Knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technology supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors for improving the agricultural economy of the district and are linking the NARS with extension system and farmers.
  • The KVK is 100% funded by the Government of India.
  • The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry.

Swachhta Hi Seva Campaign

  • Swachhta Hi Seva initiative aims at accelerating the momentum of Swachch Bharat Mission and converting it into a Jan-Andolan for realizing the vision of a Clean India, reinforcing the belief that ‘Sanitation is everyone’s business’.

Source: PIB

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