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Important Facts For Prelims

Mucormycosis

  • 10 May 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

A number of Covid-19 patients are developing a serious fungal infection known as Mucormycosis also called black fungus.

Key Points

  • Mucormycosis:
    • It is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes, which is abundant in the environment.
    • It mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.
    • The types of Mucormycosis are: Rhinocerebral (Sinus and Brain), Pulmonary (Lung), Gastrointestinal, Cutaneous (Skin), and disseminated Mucormycosis.
  • Transmission:
    • It occurs through inhalation, inoculation, or ingestion of spores from the environment.
    • Mucormycosis does not spread between people or between people and animals.
  • Symptoms:
    • These include pain and redness around eyes and/or nose, fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, bloody vomits, and altered mental status.
    • Warning signs can include toothache, loosening of teeth, blurred or double vision with pain.
  • Prevention:
    • Avoiding areas with a lot of dust like construction or excavation sites, avoiding direct contact with water-damaged buildings and flood water after hurricanes and natural disasters and avoiding activities that involve close contact to soil.
  • Treatment:
    • Mucormycosis needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medicine.
    • In some cases, it can require surgery.

Source: IE

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