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Important Facts For Prelims

Javan Gibbon

  • 08 Oct 2021
  • 1 min read

Why in News

Indonesia is taking steps to protect the habitat of Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch), which is endangered by climate change and human encroachment.

  • The species is also hunted for both meat and pet trade.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The silvery gibbon, also known as the Javan gibbon, is a primate. They are found in groups only, usually in a pair of two.
    • It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Java, where it inhabits undisturbed rainforests up to an altitude of 2,450 m.
      • It helps in regenerating forest vegetation by dispersing seeds.
    • There are around 4,000 Javan gibbons left.
    • It was declared Critically Endangered in 2004 but since has recovered to status of Endangered as per IUCN criterion. However, the latest IUCN estimate shows that their population is decreasing.
  • Habitat:
    • The Javan Gibbon wild population is only found in Java, Indonesia.
    • It is not found in India (The hoolock gibbon is the only gibbon found in India).
  • Protection Status:

Source: IE

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