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Important Facts For Prelims

Hoolock Gibbon

  • 26 Dec 2019
  • 1 min read
  • The tailless Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India.
  • The primate is native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India and Southwest China.
  • The Hoolock Gibbon is categorised into two types:
    • Western hoolock gibbon:
      • It inhibits in all the states of the north-east, restricted between the south of the Brahmaputra river and east of the Dibang river. And outside India, it is found in eastern Bangladesh and north-west Myanmar.
      • It is listed as Endangered under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
    • Eastern hoolock gibbon:
      • It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and in southern China and north-east Myanmar outside India.
      • It is listed as Vulnerable under the IUCN Redlist.
  • In India, both the species are listed on Schedule 1 of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act 1972.
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