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India's Wind Energy Potential

  • 12 Aug 2023
  • 3 min read

Source: PIB

Why in News?

Recently, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy unveiled noteworthy insights into India's wind energy potential. This revelation sheds light on key states with the highest wind power potential and emphasizes the nation's dedication to sustainable energy practices.

  • Additionally, the Ministry outlined innovative strategies aimed at enhancing wind power utilization and ensuring eco-friendly practices in the sector.

What is the Wind Power Potential in India?

  • India ranks 4th globally after China, the United States and Germany, in terms of installed wind energy capacity, with 42.8 GW (onshore wind) as of April 2023.
  • Wind resource assessment by the National Institute of Wind Energy reveals an estimated wind power potential of approximately 695.5 GW at 120 meters and 1,164 GW at 150 meters above ground level across the nation.
  • Best Performing States:
    • Wind Power Potential (in GW) at 120 m Above Ground Level:
      • Gujrat (142.56), Rajasthan (127.75), Karnataka (124.15), Maharashtra (98.21), and Andhra Pradesh (74.90).
    • Wind Power Potential (in GW) at 150 m Above Ground Level:
      • Rajasthan (284.25), Gujarat (180.79), Maharashtra (173.86), Karnataka (169.25), and Andhra Pradesh (123.33).

What are the Government Initiatives for Wind Energy Development?

  • Policy for Repowering of the Wind Power Projects, 2016:
  • Guidelines for Disposal of Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP):
    • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) issued specific guidelines for the proper disposal of FRP, including Sheet Moulding Compound (SMC), used in wind turbine blades. These guidelines ensure environmentally responsible waste management.
  • National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy,2018:
    • The main objective is to provide a framework for promotion of large grid connected wind-solar PV hybrid systems for optimal and efficient utilization of wind and solar resources, transmission infrastructure and land.
  • National Offshore Wind Energy Policy:

Different Types of Turbine Used in the Wind Power:

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