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India Stack Knowledge Exchange 2022

  • 15 Jul 2022
  • 8 min read

For Prelims: Digital India, Digital Schemes of India

For Mains: Role of Digitisation in economic growth, Effect of digital schemes on economy of India, Significance of platforms like India Stack Knowledge Exchange Programme

Why in News?

As a part of the Digital India week celebrations, a three day dedicated event titled ‘India Stack Knowledge Exchange’ programme was organised.

  • India Stack refers to ambitious project of creating a unified software platform to bring India’s population into the digital age.

What is the India Stack Knowledge Exchange Programme (ISKE)?

  • About:
    • The idea behind ISKE 2022 was to get the real practitioners - the IT champions - to speak of the implementation of ground-breaking projects, the challenges faced and the road ahead for these projects.
      • ISKE 2022 was also visualised to present to the global community, India Stack solutions and goods, and welcomed any nation to adopt and customize them for their own use.
  • Significance:
    • The event brought together practitioners and digital transformation leaders to share their experiences in implementing pioneering projects.
    • It helped in the formation of an India Stack Knowledge Exchange.
    • It served as a collaborative platform for the replication of some of the digital initiatives.
    • It served as a knowledge exchange platform for India to speak of its contribution to the repository of Global Digital Public Goods.
What were the areas covered in ISKE?
Urban Stack:
  • Smart Cities Mission:
    • SCM is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, launched in June 2015 to transform 100 cities to provide the necessary core infrastructure and clean and sustainable environment to enable a decent quality of life to their citizens through the application of "Smart Solutions".
    • The mission aims to meet the aspirations of India’s population living in cities through various urban development projects.
  • Digital Infrastructure for Governance, Impact and Transformation (DIGIT):
    • DIGIT is a platform which is open source and open API (Application Programming Interface) powered for developers, enterprises and citizens to build new applications and solutions.
    • The ready to use platform helps achieve quicker implementation timeframes and helps local governments achieve process improvements, accountability and transparency at various levels of administration.
    • It is a manifestation of Societal Platform thinking, a systemic method to resolve complex societal challenges with speed, at scale, sustainably.
      • Societal Platforms are manifestations of Societal Thinking, a systemic approach, a set of values and specific design principles, to reimagine social problems, redesign core interactions between key actors of society and induce exponential social change.
  • India urban data exchange:
    • IUDE has been developed in partnership between the Smart Cities Mission and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.
    • It is an open-source software platform which facilitates the secure, authenticated, and managed exchange of data amongst various data platforms, 3rd party authenticated and authorised applications, and other sources.

Technology Stack for e-Commerce

  • GeM Portal:
    • The Government e-Marketplace one-stop National Public Procurement Portal to facilitate online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Central and State Government Departments/Organizations/Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).
    • The procurement of goods and services by Ministries and the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) is mandatory for goods and services available on GeM.
    • It also provides the tools of e-bidding and reverse e-auction to facilitate the government users achieve the best value for their money.
  • Open Network for Digital Commerce:
    • ONDC is a freely accessible government-backed platform that aims to democratise e-commerce by moving it from a platform-centric model to an open network for buying and selling of goods and services.
    • It is a not-for-profit organisation that will offer a network to enable local digital commerce stores across industries to be discovered and engaged by any network-enabled applications.
    • Under ONDC, it is envisaged that a buyer registered on one participating e-commerce site (for example, Amazon) may purchase goods from a seller on another participating e-commerce site (for example, Flipkart).

Space Technology Stack:

  • NavIC:
  • Visualisation of Earth Observation Data and Archival System (VEDAS):
    • VEDAS provides a platform to motivate young researchers and academia to showcase their spatiotemporal analytical skill using Indian Earth Observation data and build geo-spatial applications.
    • It is a step toward expanding the societal benefits of the nation’s investments in ISRO’s Earth science research.
    • It is expected that with a handshake between data generators and potential analysts, newer and innovative processing tools and geo-spatial applications will emerge.
    • It provides:
      • Platform for Research & training to Academia
      • Data visualization and graphical analysis on web
      • Geo-processing tools for analysis on web
      • Integrate Web Map Service from various sources
  • Meteorological & Oceanographic Satellite Data Archival Centre (MOSDAC):
    • Space Applications Centre (SAC) is an ISRO Centre located at Ahmedabad, dealing with a wide variety of themes from satellite payload development, operational data reception and processing to societal applications.
    • Meteorological and Oceanographic Satellite Data Archival Centre (MOSDAC) is a Data Centre of Space Applications Centre (SAC) and has facilities for satellite data reception, processing, analysis and dissemination.
    • MOSDAC is operationally supplying earth observation data from Indian meteorology and oceanography satellites, to cater to national and international research requirements.
  • Bhuvan, Bhoonidhi & Yuktdhara:
    • Bhuvan:
      • Bhuvan is a type of web portal used to find and access geographic information (geospatial information) and associated geographic services (display, editing, analysis, etc.) via the Internet.
    • Bhoonidhi:
      • It enables access to an extensive archive of Remote Sensing data from 44 satellites, including Indian and Foreign Remote Sensing sensors acquired over 31 years.
    • Yuktdhara:
      • It is a geospatial planning portal meant for facilitating Gram Panchayat level planning of MGNREGA activities across India.
      • It integrates a wide variety of spatial information contents to enable a holistic approach toward planning using open source GIS tools.

Source: PIB

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