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International Relations

India-China Hotline

  • 27 Feb 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, India and China announced that both have agreed to establish a Hotline.

Key Points

  • Hotline:
    • The decision to install a Hotline between the two countries was taken over a telephonic meeting between India’s External Affairs Minister and China’s Foreign Affairs Minister.
      • Hotline is a direct telephone line in constant operational readiness so as to facilitate immediate communication.
    • The Hotline will be helpful in timely communication and exchange of views between the two countries.
  • India’s Stand:
    • Reiterated the ‘three mutuals’ (mutual respect, mutual sensitivity and mutual interests) as the approach to the relationship.
    • Disengagement, followed by de-escalation, will lead to peace along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), and eventually normalisation of ties.
  • China’s Stand:
    • The boundary situation should not be placed at the front and centre of the relationship, but instead at a “proper place” in overall ties.
    • The indication was the two sides should return to business as usual while the issue is dealt with.
  • Recent Developments:

Way Forward

  • It is imperative for the two sides to cherish the hard-won relaxation, and work together to consolidate the progress, keep up the consultation momentum, further ease the situation, and improve the border management and control mechanisms.
  • As two big emerging economies, China and India need to pursue development alongside each other, move forward in partnership instead of hindrance, and work together for shared progress rather than erecting walls against each other.
  • India and China also need to advance the boundary talks to build up mutual trust and realize peace and tranquility in the border areas.


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