Hydrogen Fuel Cell Based Bus and Car Project
- 28 Apr 2020
- 4 min read
Why in News
- NTPC Limited has invited Global Expression of Interest (EoI) to provide 10 Hydrogen Fuel Cell (FC) based buses and an equal number of such cars in Leh and Delhi.
- The EoI has been issued by NTPC's wholly owned subsidiary, NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam (NVVN) Limited.
- This will be the first time such a project will be undertaken in India, wherein a complete solution from green energy to fuel cell vehicle would be developed.
- The move aims at decarbonizing the mobility segment.
- Tata Motors launched Starbus Electric 9m, Starbus Electric 12m and the Starbus Hybrid 12m range of buses which are made in India and are powered by alternative fuels (like Biofuels).
- These buses produce only water and heat as a byproduct, thus, producing zero emissions.
- The initiative has been undertaken with the support of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
- The ministry will also harness renewable energy for the generation of hydrogen and develop its storage and dispensation facilities as part of pilot projects at Leh and Delhi.
- NTPS’s initiatives for complete e-mobility solutions for public transport include:
- Creation of public charging infrastructure: 90 public charging stations in various cities and battery charging and swapping stations for electric 3-wheelers have been commissioned.
- Providing electric buses to state/city transport undertakings. For example, e-bus solutions for Andaman & Nicobar Administration are under implementation.
- Other Initiatives:
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle
- Mechanism: The FCEV combines hydrogen and oxygen to generate an electric current.
Hydrogen + Oxygen = Electricity + Water Vapour
2H2 (g) + O2 (g) → 2 H2O (l)
- FCEV engines are similar to the conventional internal combustion engines because they also rely on a constant supply of fuel (hydrogen) and oxygen.
- However, there are no moving parts in the fuel cell, so they are more efficient and reliable.
- FCEVs produce much smaller quantities of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and none of the air pollutants that cause health problems.
- Fuel cells emit only heat and water as a byproduct and are far more energy-efficient than traditional combustion technologies.
- FCEVs do not need to be plugged in for charging, like battery-powered EVs.
- There is a wide availability of resources for producing hydrogen.
- The process of making hydrogen needs energy, often from fossil fuel sources, which raises questions over hydrogen’s green credentials.
- Handling of hydrogen is a safety concern because it is more explosive than petrol.
- These vehicles are expensive and fuel dispensing pumps are scarce.