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Health Related Schemes in Haryana

  • 21 May 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Haryana government has launched ‘H1N1 Vaccination Campaign for Healthcare Workers’ and Hepatitis-B control programme.

Key Points

  • H1N1 Vaccination Campaign for Healthcare Workers
    • Need:
      • India usually witnesses two peaks of H1N1 infection, one during January to March and another in post Monsoon between August and October.Thus, precautions through vaccination for H1N1 is considered to be a better solution.
      • The health workers are already facing the risk of Covid-19 while managing the pandemic, hence focussing on their health safety has become a top priority for the government.
      • In India, since 2016 about 85,000 persons are being infected by the H1N1virus and 4,900 deaths have occurred in the last few years.
    • Features:
      • It will vaccinate around 13,000 health workers across the state.
      • It includes a single dose vaccine and is effective for a period of one year.
  • Hepatitis-B Control Programme
    • The Hepatitis-B control programme has been launched under the National Viral Hepatitis Control programme.
    • The National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme aims at both prevention and treatment of hepatitis which is among the leading causes of liver cancer, cirrhosis of liver and acute liver failure.
    • The programme is a part of the National Health Mission.

Swine Flu

  • Swine flu caused by the “swine flu virus”, the H1N1.
  • Swine Flu is an infection of the respiratory tract characterized by the usual symptoms of flu — cough, nasal secretions, fever, loss of appetite, fatigue, and headache.
  • It is called swine flu because it was known in the past to occur in people who had been in the vicinity of pigs.
  • The virus is transmitted by short-distance airborne transmission, particularly in crowded enclosed spaces. Hand contamination and direct contact are other possible sources of transmission.

Hepatitis B

  • It is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease.
  • The virus is most commonly transmitted from mother to child during birth and delivery, as well as through contact with blood or other body fluids.
  • It is the primary cause of liver cancer.
  • Hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccines that are safe, available and effective.
  • Every year, World Hepatitis Day is celebrated on the 28th of July.
  • It is among the four diseases apart from HIV-AIDS, TB, Malaria for which, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially endorses disease-specific global awareness days.

Source:IE

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