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Important Facts For Prelims

e-Raktkosh Portal

  • 22 Apr 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Union Health minister urged the use of the e-Raktkosh portal as a single point for maintaining real-time information on the status of stocks of each blood group.

  • The Health Minister has termed the availability of blood in blood banks as 'essential'.
  • In several blood disorders like thalassemia and haemophilia regular transfusion of the blood is necessary.

Key Points

  • e-Raktkosh portal is a Centralized Blood Bank Management System.
  • It is a comprehensive IT solution to standardize and streamline the standard operating procedures, guidelines and workflow of blood banks across the nation.
  • It was inaugurated on 7th April 2016 by then Minister of Health and Family Welfare (MoHWFW)
  • It enforces Drug & Cosmetic Act, National blood policy standards and guidelines ensuring proper management of blood.
  • e-Rakt Kosh has components for management of the blood donation life cycle which includes :
    • The biometric Donor Management System
    • Blood grouping,
    • TTI screening,
    • antibody screening,
    • A centralized Blood Inventory Management System
    • Bio-Medical Waste Management System for disposal of discarded blood

Blood Disorder

  • A blood disorder is any condition that impacts one or more parts of the blood, usually interfering with its ability to work correctly.
  • Blood disorder can be categorised as Common Blood Disorder like anaemia and Rare Blood Disorder like thalassemia.
  • Types of Blood Disorder
    • Blood Disorders Affecting Red Blood Cells like Anemia, Pernicious anemia (B12 deficiency), Aplastic anemia, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia etc.
    • Blood disorders that affect White Blood Cells like Lymphoma, Leukemia, Multiple myeloma.
    • Blood Disorders Affecting Blood Plasma like hemophilia
    • Blood Disorders Affecting Platelets like thrombocytopenia.
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