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Disaster Management Tool

  • 12 Sep 2019
  • 2 min read

The State Government of Maharashtra to come up with a disaster risk management tool for reducing the damage that is caused by floods.

  • The project will be supported by the United States Trade and Development Agency (USTDA- an independent American think tank).
  • According to a preliminary report of the USTDA, between 2005 and 2015, over 3,000 people died in floods in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) alone.
  • The report stated that in the state there were many loopholes in the system such as,
    • Vulnerable disaster-prone areas were not being properly identified,
    • New infrastructure projects that were taken up did not take the hazard levels under consideration.
  • The report recommended that the government must implement a flood management and vulnerability risk framework through an integrated technology platform.
  • According to the report, there is a need to devise a disaster vulnerability risk index.
    • A vulnerability index could include a measurement framework with key indicators for reliability assessment, & responding to data quality issues.
    • The index will comprise of 3 key components:
      • Assessment of vulnerable zones,
      • Monitoring the flood impact, and
      • The undertaking of continuous assessment.
  • A similar tool was designed earlier in Brazil and Thailand, on GIS-based flood maps and zoning for early warning and forecasts.
  • A real-time decision support system provides short and medium-term flood forecasting, reducing the damaging impact of floods.

Source: TH

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