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Demand For Autonomy in Assam

  • 09 Jan 2021
  • 2 min read

Why In News

There has been a demand for implementation of Article 244A for the creation of an autonomous State within Assam.

Key Points

  • Background:
    • The appeal to the Centre has been for the creation of an autonomous State for the Karbi Anglong region.
      • This has been a demand since 1986.
    • The districts are currently governed by two autonomous councils Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills.
  • Definition of Scheduled and Tribal Areas:
    • The areas inhabited by the socially and educationally backward ‘Aboriginals’ are called Scheduled Areas.
  • Administration of Scheduled and Tribal Areas:
    • There are two schedules (5th and 6th) of the Indian Constitution which entail the details about the control and management of the Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
    • Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution:
      • The provisions regarding the administration and control of Scheduled and Tribal Areas of any state except the four states (Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura, Mizoram) are mentioned under this schedule.
      • At present, 10 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Telangana have Fifth Schedule Areas.
    • Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution
    • Scheduled and Tribal Areas are dealt with two articles:
      • Article 244:
        • This article deals with the administration of the Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
        • It defines Scheduled Areas as the areas defined so by the President of India and are mentioned in the fifth schedule of the Constitution.
      • Article 244A:
        • Formation of an autonomous state comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefore.


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