Chandler Good Government Index
- 27 Apr 2021
- 3 min read
Why in News
Recently, India has been ranked 49th in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI).
- Finland has topped the list.
- The CGGI is released by the Chandler Institute of Governance which is a private nonprofit organization headquartered in Singapore.
- The Index classifies 104 countries in terms of government capabilities and outcomes.
- Each country is measured across over 50 open data points. The index focuses on seven pillars:
- Leadership and foresight.
- Robust laws and policies.
- Strong institutions.
- Financial stewardship.
- Attractive marketplace.
- Global influence and reputation.
- Helping people rise.
- It supports government leaders and public officers worldwide in nation building and strengthening public institutional capacity through training, research and advisory work.
- It also shares tools and frameworks for effective policymaking, and empowers nations to provide better public services for citizens.
- Performance of South Asian Countries:
- India ranked 49th, Sri Lanka 74th, Pakistan 90th and Nepal 92nd.
- Indian Initiatives for Good Governance:
- Good Governance Index:
- It has been launched by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions to determine the status of governance in the country.
- It assesses the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.
- Good Governance Day:
- It is celebrated annually on 25th December to mark the birth anniversary of the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- Its aim is to create awareness of accountability in government among the citizens of India.
- National e-Governance Plan:
- It has the vision to “make all government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency & reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man.”
- Right to Information Act, 2005:
- It plays an effective role in ensuring transparency in governance.
- Other Initiatives:
- Setting up of NITI Aayog, Make in India programme, Lokpal, etc.
- Good Governance Index:
- It is the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented).
- Governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance and local governance.
- Good Governance:
- It is an approach to government that is committed to creating a system founded in justice and peace that protects individual’s human rights and civil liberties.
- Eight Characteristics of Good Governance as Identified by the United Nations: