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Project Dantak

  • 27 Apr 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, Project DANTAK which is one of the oldest Projects of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) commemorated its Diamond Jubilee in Bhutan.

  • Over 1,200 DANTAK personnel laid down their lives while constructing important infrastructure in Bhutan.

Key Points

  • About:
    • Project DANTAK was established on 24th April1961.
    • It was a result of the visionary leadership of the third King of Bhutan and then Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru.
    • DANTAK was tasked to construct the pioneering motorable roads.
  • Achievements:
    • Road Connectivity:
      • Over the years, the Project has completed approximately 1600 km of blacktopped roads and 120 km of tracks in Bhutan with 5000 meters of bridges over them.
    • Other Projects Executed:
      • Include the construction of Paro Airport, Yonphula Airfield, Thimphu – Trashigang Highway, Telecommunication & Hydro Power Infrastructure, Sherubtse College, Kanglung and India House Estate.
    • Medical and Education Facilities:
      • The medical and education facilities established by DANTAK in far flung areas were often the first in those locations.
    • Food Outlets:
      • The food outlets along the road introduced the Bhutanese to Indian delicacies and developed a sweet tooth in them.
  • Indo-Bhutan Relationship:
    • Indo-Bhutan Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 1949:
      • The Treaty provides for, among other things, perpetual peace and friendship, free trade and commerce and equal justice to each other’s citizens.
      • In 2007, the treaty was re-negotiated, and provisions were included to encourage Bhutan’s sovereignty, abolishing the need to take India’s guidance on foreign policy.
    • Multilateral Partnership:
    • Economic Partnership:
      • Mutually beneficial hydro-power cooperation with Bhutan forms the core of bilateral economic cooperation.
        • The 720 MW Mangdechhu was commissioned in August 2019. HEPs namely, 1200 MW Punatsangchhu-I, 1020 MW Punatsangchhu-II and Kholongchhu HEP (600 MWs) are under various stages of implementation.
      • India is Bhutan's largest trading partner.

Border Roads Organisation

  • BRO was conceived and raised in 1960 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for coordinating the speedy development of a network of roads in the North and the North Eastern border regions of the country.
  • It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence.
  • It has diversified into a large spectrum of construction and development works comprising airfields, building projects, defence works and tunneling and has endeared itself to the people.
  • Some Recent Achievements:
    • Atal Tunnel: It is located in Himachal Pradesh’s Rohtang pass. It connects Solang Valley near Manali to Sissu in Lahaul and Spiti district.
    • Nechiphu Tunnel: Foundation stone was laid on the Balipara-Charduar-Tawang (BCT) road in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Daporijo Bridge: It is over Subansiri river in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Kasowal Bridge: It is over Ravi river. It connects Kasowal enclave in Punjab along the India - Pakistan border to the rest of the country.
    • Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie Road: It connects Leh via the villages of Darbuk and Shyok at southern Shyok River Valley, with the Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO) post near the northern border.
    • Barsi Bridge (longest bridge on Manali–Leh highway): It is built on Bagga river, which joins with Chandra river at Tandi in Lahaul to flow down into Jammu & Kashmir as the Chenab.

Source: TH

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