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Asian Development Bank (ADB) Loan to Himachal Pradesh

  • 20 Sep 2022
  • 3 min read

Why in News?

Recently, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a USD 96.3-million loan agreement to provide safe drinking water and improve water supply and sanitation services in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

What are the Key Highlights of the Project?

  • About:
    • The project is aligned with the objectives of the Government of India’s Jal Jeevan Mission which aims to provide piped water to all rural households by 2024.
    • It will upgrade water supply infrastructure and strengthen institutional capacity to ensure safe, sustainable, and inclusive rural water supply and sanitation services.
  • Features:
    • Water Supply Infrastructure Revamping:
      • Although more than 90% of the state's rural population has access to drinking water, the water supply infrastructure needs revamping, for efficient and improved service quality.
    • Fecal Management Programme:
      • A pilot fecal sludge management and sanitation programme will also be implemented in Sirmaur District, benefiting 250,000 residents.
    • Strengthen Jal Shakti Vibhag:
      • The project will strengthen the capacity of the Jal Shakti Vibhag of the Government of Himachal Pradesh and gram panchayat (local government) village water and sanitation committees.
      • It will support the state government's water tariff policy reforms and introduce an asset management system at the state-level and district asset management plans.
      • Key project stakeholders and community-based organisations will be trained on water management, including livelihood skills training for women's self-help groups.

What is Asian Development Bank?

  • ADB, established in 1966 is owned by 68 members-49 from the region.
  •  It is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty.
  • Further, it assists members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.
  • It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia and the Pacific.
  • As of 31st December 2019, ADB’s five largest shareholders are Japan and the United States (each with 15.6% of total shares), the People’s Republic of China (6.4%), India (6.3%), and Australia (5.8%).
  • It is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.

Source: PIB

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