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Artificial Intelligence

  • 29 Dec 2023
  • 4 min read

For Prelims: Artificial Intelligence (AI), Ethical AI, Machine Learning, Large Language Models, Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence Mission

For Mains: Boosting AI innovation and startups, Artificial Intelligence Technology.

Source: IE

Why in News?

The year 2023 has been a landmark year for Artificial Intelligence (AI) innovation, showcasing incredible advancements in various AI tools. These advancements offer a glimpse into the expanding potential of AI, particularly in creativity, conversation, and visual content generation.

  • However, this surge in development emphasizes the critical need for enhanced oversight to ensure ethical AI use and equitable access to its benefits.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

  • About:
    • AI is defined as the ability of machines and systems to acquire and apply knowledge and to carry out intelligent behaviour.
      • The term "Artificial Intelligence" was coined by John McCarthy, an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist. He was one of the founders of the discipline of AI.
    • It includes technologies like machine learning, Deep Learning, Big Data, Neural Networks, Computer vision, Large Language Models etc.
    • The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal.
  • Types of AI:

  • Principles for the Ethical Use of AI:
    • AI initiatives should align with established ethical principles, human rights, and societal values to ensure responsible technological advancement.
      • Prioritize the positive impact of AI on individuals, communities, and society, emphasizing responsible use for the greater good.
    • Design AI systems to be transparent and explainable, allowing users and stakeholders to understand operations and decision-making processes, fostering trust and accountability.
      • Mitigate biases in AI algorithms to ensure fair outcomes, preventing discrimination based on race, gender, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status.
    • Uphold individuals' privacy rights by responsibly handling personal data, obtaining explicit consent, and complying with relevant privacy laws and regulations.
    • Establish clear lines of accountability for developers and organizations deploying AI systems, with mechanisms to address errors or harmful impacts.
    • Develop and utilize AI technology to enhance human well-being, address societal challenges, and contribute positively to global progress, economies, and environmental sustainability.
  • Major AI Tools:

UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Questions (PYQs)

Prelims

Q. With the present state of development, Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which of the following? (2020)

  1. Bring down electricity consumption in industrial units
  2. Create meaningful short stories and songs
  3. Disease diagnosis
  4. Text-to-Speech Conversion
  5. Wireless transmission of electrical energy

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Ans: (b)

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