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AISHE-2020

  • 11 Jun 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Union Education Minister announced the release of the report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20.

  • This Report provides key performance indicators on the current status of Higher education in the country.
  • It is the 10th in the series of AISHE annually released by the Department of Higher Education.

Key Points

  • Total Student Enrolment:
    • In the last five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20, there has been a growth of 11.4% in student enrolment.
    • Total Enrolment in Higher Education stands at 3.85 crore in 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %).
      • Uttar Pradesh has highest student enrolment in India, it has 49.1% male and 50.9% female students followed by Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio:
    • The Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) increased by a minuscule 0.8% in 2019-20.
      • GER is the number of students enrolled in a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education.
    • The percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in higher education in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
  • Female Enrolment:
    • There has been an overall increase of over 18% in female enrolment in higher education from 2015-16 to 2019-20.
    • However, the share of girl students is lowest in institutes of national importance while female participation in professional courses is lower in comparison to academic courses.
  • Gender Parity Index:
    • Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males.
      • A GPI of 1 indicates parity between the sexes; a GPI that varies between 0 and 1 typically means a disparity in favour of males; whereas a GPI greater than 1 indicates a disparity in favour of females.
  • Teacher’s:
    • Total Number of Teachers stands at 15,03,156 comprising 57.5% male and 42.5% female.
    • Pupil Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.
  • Attractive Disciplines:
    • Nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crore) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science and IT & Computer.
  • Recent Initiatives:

Source:PIB

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