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Air Traffic Management Systems

  • 26 Mar 2022
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Airports Authority of India (AAI), under its R&D initiative, has signed an agreement with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) to jointly develop indigenous Air Traffic Management System.

  • Under this Agreement, BEL and AAI will jointly develop Civil Air Traffic Management System (ATMS) with Advanced-Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (ASMGCS), a complex ground surveillance system that manages air traffic at airports and in Indian Civil Airspace for safe operation of flights from take-off to landing.

What is the Air Traffic Management System?

  • Air traffic management and control primarily involves the control of traffic in and around airports, airport terminals and airspace.
  • Air traffic controllers that work from Air Traffic Control (ATC) towers are responsible for ensuring a safe distance between all aircraft, both in the air and on the ground, to prevent accidents.
  • Air traffic controllers prevent collisions and maintain an orderly flow of air traffic. The commonly used technologies and systems in air traffic management and control include:
    • Surface movement and surveillance radars
    • Holographic radar
    • Navigation and surveillance systems
    • Voice communication control systems
    • Ultra-high frequency (UHF) and very high frequency (VHF) communication systems
    • Flight data information display equipment
    • Radio modems and transceivers
    • Collision avoidance systems
    • Noise monitoring systems
    • Meteorological sensors and displays
    • Airfield lighting control and monitoring
    • Training management software

What are the Objectives and Significance of the Agreement?

  • It will help in leveraging the complementary strengths and capabilities of BEL and AAI and enabling both to address airport modernization opportunities.
  • It will ensure safety, maintain separation between multiple aircraft, and efficient management of operations at the airport and Indian airspace.
  • It aims to upgrade its ANS (Air Navigation Services) Infrastructure in systematic, efficient and cost-effective manner and in compliance with the ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ missions of the Government of India.
  • It will reduce AAI’s foreign dependency for procurement of ANS infrastructure.

Source: PIB

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