Once thought to be extinct, it was rediscovered in 1971. The Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, UK, initiated the Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme in 1995 in collaboration with IUCN, Assam Forest Department and MoEF&CC.
It is currently being implemented by NGOs - Aaranyak and EcoSystems India.
Between 2008 and 2022, 152 of them were reintroduced into four protected areas (PAs) in Assam, including the recent release of 36 individuals in Manas National Park.
Between 2011 and 2015 animals were reintroduced into the Orang National Park.
By 2025, the PHCP plans to release 60 pygmy hogs in Manas NP.
UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Questions (PYQs)
Q. Consider the following: (2013)
Which of the above are naturally found in India?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 1 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4