Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates



  • 02 Apr 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Carl Bildt has been appointed as WHO Special Envoy for the Access to Covid-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-Accelerator).

  • The ACT-Accelerator is a groundbreaking global collaboration to accelerate development, production, and equitable access to Covid-19 tests, treatments and vaccines.

Key Points

  • ACT-Accelerator:
    • It was launched in the month of April, 2020 at an event co-hosted by the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), the President of France, the President of the European Commission, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
    • It brings together governments, scientists, businesses, civil society, and philanthropists and global health organizations.
    • It aims to end the pandemic, restore full societal and economic activity globally and facilitate high-level control of Covid-19 disease.
    • The ACT-Accelerator is organized into four pillars of work:
      • Diagnostics, treatment, vaccines and health system strengthening.
      • Each pillar is vital to the overall effort and involves innovation and collaboration.
  • COVAX:
    • COVAX is one of four pillars of the ACT Accelerator.
    • It is an effort to ensure that people in all corners of the world will get access to Covid-19 vaccines, regardless of their wealth.
      • The initial aim is to have 2 billion doses available by the end of 2021, which should be enough to protect high risk and vulnerable people, as well as frontline healthcare workers.
    • It is co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), working in partnership with vaccine manufacturers of developed and developing countries.
    • India’s Role:
      • India has started shipping Covid-19 vaccines to Africa under the COVAX facility.
      • Earlier, Serum Institute of India (SII) had received funds from Gavi and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to double its supply of Covid-19 vaccines (200 million doses) to India and other poorer countries as part of the Gavi COVAX facility.
  • Significance of ACT-Accelerator:
    • It is a crucial time for ACT-Accelerator when the world is rolling out vaccines against Covid-19, introducing new diagnostics and scaling up life-saving oxygen and corticosteroids for severe disease.
    • It will help in addressing the uneven distribution of vaccines globally and the emergence of new variants of concern.


  • Corticosteroids are a class of drug that lowers inflammation in the body. They also reduce immune system activity.
  • Corticosteroids ease swelling, itching, redness, and allergic reactions, thus used in the treatment of diseases like asthma, arthritis, lupus, allergies etc.
  • Corticosteroids resemble cortisol, a hormone naturally produced by the body’s adrenal glands. The body needs cortisol to stay healthy.
    • Cortisol is a major player in a wide range of processes in the body, including metabolism, immune response, and stress.

Source: DTE

SMS Alerts

Please login or register to view note list


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked


Please login or register to make your note


Please login or register to list article as progressed


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked