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Biodiversity & Environment

NGT Orders Pollution Control Boards to Increase Capacity

  • 02 Apr 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) to strengthen its capacity and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to form a uniform recruitment criteria.

Key Points

  • Background:
    • The Plea:
    • NGTs Action:
      • The NGT passed an order for the Haryana government to revisit its inspection policy and make it adequate to ensure effective enforcement of law.
    • Haryana's Proposal:
      • The Haryana government, in compliance to the NGT order, proposed a revised policy with increased frequency of inspection, installation of online monitoring devices to capture real-time data and pre-verification of documents before issuing renewal.
  • Current Order:
    • Inspection at higher frequencies.
    • Capacity enhancement of SPCBs/Pollution Control Committees (PCCs) with consent funds.
    • Capacity enhancement of CPCB utilising environment compensation funds.
    • Annual performance audit of state PCBs/PCCs.
    • CPCB to prepare a format containing qualifications, minimum eligibility criteria and required experience for key positions.
  • Significance:
    • In the name of ‘ease of doing business’, powers and authorities of SPCB have been compromised. The latest judgement of NGT is a fresh start to the long-delayed initiative of strengthening CPCB/SPCBs/PCCs.
    • The judgment of NGT could be termed as landmark. The NGT has tried to erase the bottlenecks, which were being used to halt the strengthening of environmental regulation.
    • The important part of the judgement is asking CPCB to come out with standard recruitment rules which can be followed by all states. The existing SPCBs recruitment rules have not been updated for decades.


  • CPCB:
  • SPCB:
    • They supplement the CPCB as they are a statutory organization entrusted to implement Environmental Laws and rules within the jurisdiction of a state.
  • Environment Compensation:
    • Environmental compensation is a policy instrument for the protection of the environment which works on the ‘Polluter Pays Principle’.
  • Environment Compensation Fund:
    • It is a specialised type of fund collected by charging the environmental violations.
      • Example: Illegal discharge in water bodies.


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