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Science & Technology

C-DAC’s MoUs on Supercomputing

  • 14 Oct 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (Meity) has signed 13 MoUs with the premier academic and research and development (R&D) institutions of India.

Key Points

  • Aims behind the Move:
    • To establish supercomputing infrastructure with assembly and manufacturing in India and critical components of the National Supercomputing Mission.
    • To develop India’s indigenous hardware encompassing exascale chip design, design and manufacture of exascale server boards, exascale interconnects and storage including silicon-photonics at C-DAC to achieve complete self-reliance envisioned under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Initiative.
      • Exascale computing refers to computing systems capable of calculating at least 1018 floating-point operations per second.
      • Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data is transferred among computer chips by optical rays. Optical rays can carry far more data in less time than electrical conductors.
  • National Supercomputing Mission:
    • It was announced in 2015, with an aim to connect national academic and R&D institutions with a grid of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,500 crores over a period of seven years.
    • It supports the government's vision of 'Digital India' and 'Make in India' initiatives.
    • It is being implemented by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) through C-DAC and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
    • The Mission envisages:
      • To improve the number of supercomputers owned by India.
      • To build a strong base of 20,000 skilled persons over a period of five years who will be equipped to handle the complexities of supercomputers.
      • To empower Indian national academic and R&D institutions to spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising more than 70 high-performance computing (HPC) facilities.

India’s Top Five Supercomputers

  • PARAM 8000, considered to be India’s first supercomputer was indigenously built in 1991 by C-DAC.
  • SUMMIT (USA) is the fastest supercomputer in the world which can deliver upto 187,659.3 TFlop/s.

Source: PIB

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