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Important Facts For Prelims

World’s First Drug for Alzheimer’s Disease

  • 05 Nov 2019
  • 2 min read

Recently, China has approved the world’s first multi-targeting and carbohydrate-based drug GV-971 for Alzheimer’s disease.

  • Multi-target drugs hit several targets in the body, which is often necessary to do in order to yield a therapeutic effect in complex diseases like Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s. This is different from most drugs which target only a single biological substance, like a protein or enzyme.

GV-971

  • It has been extracted from brown algae and can treat mild to moderate forms of the disease and improve cognition.
  • This is the only drug out of more than 320 developed by pharmaceutical companies around the globe to survive clinical trials for treating Alzheimer’s.
  • The medicine can be taken orally by the patients.

Alzheimer's Disease

  • It is an irreversible and progressive brain disorder.
  • The disease slowly destroys memory, thinking ability and the capability to carry out simple tasks.
  • The possibility of Alzheimer’s increases as the age of the population increases.
  • Nearly 50 million people are affected by the disease and the number is expected to increase.
    • China has the highest Alzheimer's affected the population in the world.

Source:BS

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