World Press Freedom Day
- 04 May 2020
- 2 min read
Why in News
The World Press Freedom Day is observed on 3rd May, every year.
- Origin and Purpose:
- The day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1993, following the recommendation of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) General Conference.
- Since then, 3rd May, the anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek is celebrated worldwide as World Press Freedom Day.
- The day acts as a reminder to governments of the need to respect their commitment to press freedom.
- It is an opportunity to:
- Celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom.
- Assess the state of press freedom throughout the world.
- Defend the media from attacks on their independence.
- Pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the line of duty.
- Theme for 2020: Journalism without Fear or Favour.
- UNESCO is launching a global campaign on media and social media channels, with a focus on this year’s theme in an increasingly complex media landscape.
- The sub-themes for this year are:
- Safety of Women and Men Journalists and Media Workers.
- Independent and Professional Journalism free from Political and Commercial Influence.
- Gender Equality in All Aspects of the Media.
- After the celebration of this day, there will be several events to be held in the upcoming days:
- High-level Dialogue on Press Freedom and Tackling Disinformation in the Covid-19 context, webinars and online discussions via Facebook Live, YouTube and Microsoft teams, amongst other digital platforms.
- In April, 2020 the report on the World Press Freedom Index, 2020 was released by the global body, Reporters Without Borders.
- India is at 142nd rank after dropping two places from last year's ranking.