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Important Facts For Prelims

Vijayanagar King Krishnadevaraya

  • 26 Feb 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The first-ever epigraphical reference (an inscription) to the date of death of Vijayanagar king Krishnadevaraya has been discovered at Honnenahalli in Tumakuru district, Karnataka.

  • Normally, the death of kings was not recorded in the inscriptions and this was one of those rare records.

Key Points

  • Findings:
    • As per the inscription, Krishnadevaraya, one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled from the South, died on 17th October, 1529 (Sunday).
      • Incidentally, this day was marked by a lunar eclipse.
    • The inscription is engraved on a slab kept on the north side of the Gopalakrishna temple at Honnenahalli in Tumakuru district.
    • The inscription also registers the gift of village Honnenahalli in Tumakuru for conducting worship to the god Veeraprasanna Hanumantha of Tumakuru.
    • The inscription is written in Kannada.
  • Krishnadevaraya:
    • He was the ruler of the Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanagar empire (1509-29 AD).
    • His rule was characterised by expansion and consolidation.
    • He is credited with building some fine temples and adding impressive gopurams to many important south Indian temples.
    • He also founded a suburban township near Vijayanagar called Nagalapuram after his mother.
    • He composed a work on statecraft in Telugu known as the Amuktamalyada.
  • Vijayanagara Empire:
    • Vijayanagara or “city of victory” was the name of both a city and an empire.
    • The empire was founded in the fourteenth century (1336 AD) by Harihara and Bukka of the Sangama dynasty.
    • It stretched from the river Krishna in the north to the extreme south of the peninsula.
    • Vijayanagar Empire was ruled by four important dynasties and they are:
      • Sangama
      • Saluva
      • Tuluva
      • Aravidu

Source: TH

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