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Victory Day Parade

  • 18 Jun 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

India has decided to send a contingent of 75 personnel from its three armed forces to participate in Russia's 75th World War II Victory Day Parade on 24 June, 2020.

Key Points

  • The Russian parade is held every year on Victory Day (May 9), which marks the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945.
    • This year it was delayed because of the Covid-19.
  • The victory day parade honours the heroism and sacrifices made by the Russian and other friendly people.
  • India’s participation in the parade will be a mark of tribute and solidarity with the people of Russia.
  • Earlier in January 2020, Russia had invited India to take part in the victory day parade.

India-Russia Defence Cooperation

  • Defence remains the most significant aspect of India's relations with Russia with both sides looking to encourage joint manufacturing of equipment under India's Make-in-India programme and through transfer of technology.
  • After the Vladivostok summit in 2019, both the countries had recognized the requirement of an institutional arrangement for reciprocal provision of logistic support and services for the armed forces.
    • They had also agreed to prepare a framework for cooperation on it.
  • During the 5th India Russia military industry conference held during the Defexpo 2020 in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), companies from both the countries signed various Memorandum of Understanding( MoUs) to develop a range of defence equipment.
  • In 2019, despite the threat of U.S. sanctions, India went ahead with the decision to purchase the S-400 missile defence system, worth over $5 billion.
  • Both the countries continue to encourage military to military cooperation through military political dialogue and joint military exercises.
  • Despite Russia's deep military and political ties with China, and its own relations with the U.S., India continues to look at Russia as a key partner.

World War II

  • World War II, started in Europe in 1939 and assumed the character of a world war. It was fought between Allied and Axis powers.
  • The Allied powers were represented by Great Britain, USA, France etc. While the Axis powers were led by Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • The war came to an end in September 1945.
  • Cause of War:
    • Treaty of Versailles of 1920.
    • Aggressive Policy of expansion by the fascist powers (Germany and Italy).
    • Appeasement policy by Western powers towards fascist powers to fight against Communist Soviet Union.
    • Rise of Japan as imperialist power.
      • Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.
  • Consequences of the War:
    • Killing of Jews in concentration camps.
    • Atomic attacks on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
    • Division of the world into two power blocs – the Communist Bloc headed by Soviet Union and the Western Bloc headed by the USA.
    • Beginning of the Cold War which continued till the disintegration of Soviet Union in 1991.
    • Foundation of United Nation Organisations in 1945.

Source: PIB

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