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Tobacco Ban in Jharkhand

  • 03 Dec 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

The Jharkhand Government, in a recent order, has banned consumption of any form of tobacco products for all State Government employees.

Key Points

  • The State Government has made it mandatory for all state government employees to submit an affidavit stating that they will abstain from consuming any form of tobacco.
  • Tobacco products include any cigarettes, bidi, khaini, gutkha, pan masala, zarda or supari as well as hukka, e-hookah, e-cigarettes and tobacco products being used by any name - smoking and smokeless.
  • The decision was taken at a meeting of the National Tobacco Control Programme's state chapter, with an aim to implement the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products Act, 2003 (COTPA).
  • The decision will be implemented from 1st April, 2021.
  • There has been no clarity over penal provision in case of violation of the order.
  • The government is also taking measures for bringing behavioural change by using panchayat level institutions.
    • Zila Parishads, Panchayat Samitis and Gram Panchayats are asked to organise tobacco control discussions in every gram sabha meeting.
  • The Police have been ordered to increase vigil at checkposts to stop entry of banned tobacco products.
  • Previously in April 2020, Jharkhand had banned sale and consumption of tobacco products in public places, including online sales, in view of an increase in chances of Covid-19 infection.

Tobacco Control in India

  • International Convention:
    • India ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in 2004.
  • Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003:
    • Replaced the Cigarettes Act of 1975 (largely limited to statutory warnings- ‘Cigarette Smoking is Injurious to Health’ to be displayed on cigarette packs and advertisements. It did not include non-cigarettes).
    • The 2003 Act also included cigars, bidis, cheroots, pipe tobacco, hookah, chewing tobacco, pan masala, and gutka.
  • National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP), 2008:
    • Objective: To control tobacco consumption and minimize tobacco consumption related deaths.
    • Implementation: NTCP is implemented through a three-tier structure, i.e. (i) National Tobacco Control Cell (NTCC) at Central level (ii) State Tobacco Control Cell (STCC) at State level & (iii) District Tobacco Control Cell (DTCC) at District level.
  • Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Amendment Rules, 2020:
    • These provide for new sets of specified health warnings with enhanced pictorial images to be printed on all tobacco products.
  • mCessation Programme:
    • It is an initiative using mobile technology for tobacco cessation.
    • India launched mCessation using text messages in 2016 as part of the government’s Digital India initiative.
  • Prevention and Control of Pollution Act of 1981:
    • Recognized smoking as an air pollutant.
  • Cable Television Networks Amendment Act of 2000:
    • Prohibited the transmission of advertisements on tobacco and liquor in India.
  • The Government of India has issued regulations under the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006 which lay down that tobacco or nicotine cannot be used as ingredients in food products.


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