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Tiger Population in Sundarbans Rises

  • 08 May 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

As per the latest census conducted by the West Bengal Forest Department, the tiger count in the Sundarbans for 2019-20 has gone up to 96 from 88 in 2018-19.

  • The increase in the number by eight is significant as it is the highest annual jump reported from the Sundarbans.

Sundarbans

  • Sundarbans is a vast contiguous mangrove forest ecosystem in the coastal region of Bay of Bengal spread over India and Bangladesh on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
  • The Sunderbans Delta is the only mangrove forest in the world inhabited by tigers.
  • Indian Sundarbans constitute over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area.
  • Indian Sundarbans has been recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and ‘Wetland of International Importance’ under the Ramsar Convention in January, 2019.
  • It is home to rare and globally threatened species, such as theNorthern River Terrapin, Royal Bengal Tiger, Irrawaddy Dolphin, and the Fishing Cat.
  • Estimation of the number of tigers in the Sunderbans has always been a challenge because of the difficult terrain that comprises dense mangrove forests, with creeks and rivulets, and floods twice a day during the high tides.

Source: TH

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