RBI Study on Investment Trends in India for FY 2022-23
- 22 Aug 2023
- 3 min read
Why in News?
The Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) recent study sheds light on the state-wise distribution of capital investments in India during the fiscal year 2022-23.
- The study examines the geographical and sectoral trends that shape the landscape of project funding across the country.
What are the Highlights of the Study?
- Investment Surge and Capital Outlay:
- Credit offtake soared by 19.7% in July 2023, amidst a 250 basis points hike in the repo rate by the RBI since April 2022, indicating robust investment momentum.
- The aggregate capital outlay reached an impressive of over Rs 3.5 lakh crores, reflecting a significant increase compared to the previous years.
- State-wise Share in Total Project Costs:
- Top Performers:
- Uttar Pradesh emerges as the frontrunner, accounting for the highest share of 16.2% in the total cost of projects sanctioned by banks and financial institutions.
- Following closely are Gujarat (14%), Odisha (11.8%), Maharashtra (7.9%), and Karnataka (7.3%), showcasing a dynamic distribution of investments.
- Bottom Performers:
- Kerala, Goa, and Assam secured the lowest shares, with Kerala receiving just 0.9% of the total investment plans.
- Haryana and West Bengal also fell within the 1% bracket of the total investment projects.
- Top Performers:
- Sectors Driving Investments:
- Factors Influencing Investment Momentum:
- Government capital expenditure, rising business optimism, and a revival of private capital expenditure in select sectors have fueled investment activity.
- Despite the upward revision of the repo rate, credit offtake experienced robust growth, reflecting the confidence in investment opportunities.
- Outlook and Future Trends:
- The RBI study provides a positive outlook for private investment, attributing the surge to increased government spending, improved business sentiments, and policy support.
- Greenfield projects, constituting 93.1% of total project costs financed by banks and financial institutions, underscore the focus on new initiatives.
- Greenfield project refers to investment in a manufacturing, office, or other physical company-related structure or group of structures in an area where no previous facilities exist.