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Governance

Prerak Dauur Samman: Swachh Survekshan 2021

  • 04 Jul 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, a new category of awards titled ‘Prerak Dauur Samman’ has been announced as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021.

Key Points

  • Prerak Dauur Samman:
    • The Prerak Dauur Samman has a total of five additional subcategories namely, Divya (Platinum), Anupam (Gold), Ujjwal (Silver), Udit (Bronze) and Aarohi (Aspiring).
    • In Swachh Survekshan 2020, cities are evaluated on the criteria of ‘population category’ but for 2021, they will be categorised on the basis of six select indicator wise performance criteria.
      • Segregation of waste into Wet, Dry and Hazard categories.
      • Processing capacity against wet waste generated.
      • Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste.
      • Construction and Demolition waste processing.
      • Percentage of waste going to landfills.
      • Sanitation status of cities.
  • Integrated SBM-Urban MIS Portal:
    • The integrated Management Information System (MIS) portal was also launched.
    • It aims to bring the numerous digital initiatives on a single platform and ensure a unified and hassle-free experience for states and cities.

Swachh Survekshan

  • Launched as a part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, it is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns across India.
  • The ranking exercise is taken up by the Government of India to assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness and active implementation of Swachhata mission initiatives in a timely and innovative manner.
    • Swachh Survekshan-Urban is conducted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
    • Swachh Survekshan-Rural is conducted by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
      • Earlier, it was conducted by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which was merged with the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation to make a new Ministry of Jal Shakti in 2019.
  • Earlier Editions:
    • 2016: Ranked 73 cities.
    • 2017: Ranked 434 cities.
    • 2018: Ranked 4203 cities and became the world’s largest cleanliness survey of that time.
    • 2019: Ranked 4237 cities and was first of its kind completely digital survey completed in a record time of 28 days.
    • 2020: It continues the momentum and has seen a huge participation of 1.87 crore citizens. To ensure sustainability of on-ground performance of cities, the Swachh Survekshan League was also introduced in 2019.
      • Swachh Survekshan League is a quarterly cleanliness assessment of cities and towns, to be done in three quarters and these quarterly assessments will hold 25% weightage in the annual survey.
      • Swachh Survekshan 2020 was evaluated for each quarter on the basis of monthly updation of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) online Management Information System (MIS) by cities along with citizen’s validation on the 12 service level progress indicators.
      • The results for Swachh Survekshan 2020 will be announced shortly by the Ministry.
  • Notable Rankings:
    • Mysuru won the award for the Cleanest City of India in the Swachh Survekshan 2016.
    • Indore has retained the top position in Swachh Survekshan for three consecutive years (2017, 2018 and 2019).

Source: PIB

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