Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
- 10 Sep 2020
- 5 min read
Why in News
Recently, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) has been digitally launched.
- Several other initiatives in the fisheries and animal husbandry sectors have also been launched on the occasion.
- PMMSY is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country as a part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
- It aims to:
- Adopt ‘Cluster or Area-based Approaches’ and create fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
- Focus especially on employment generation activities such as seaweed and ornamental fish cultivation.
- Address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernisation and strengthening of the value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
- Consolidate the achievements of the blue revolution and bring new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance, support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, integrated aqua parks, e-trading/marketing, etc.
- Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne and increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
- Double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
- Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.
- Generate an additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in the fisheries sector and allied activities.
- Budget and Time Period:
- An estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crore for a period of 5 years from financial year (FY) 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.
- This investment is the highest ever in the fisheries sector yet.
- Implementation: It will be implemented as an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely:
Other Inaugurations Related to Animal Husbandry
- e-Gopala App:
- It is a comprehensive breed improvement marketplace and information portal for direct use of farmers.
- It will provide solutions on the aspects of:
- Managing livestock including buying and selling of disease-free germplasm in all forms (semen, embryos, etc.).
- Availability of quality breeding services (Artificial Insemination, veterinary first aid, vaccination, treatment, etc.).
- Guiding farmers for animal nutrition and treatment of animals using appropriate ayurvedic medicine/ethnoveterinary medicine.
- Providing a mechanism to send alerts and inform farmers about various government schemes and campaigns in the area.
- Semen Station:
- The state of the art facility has been established under Rashtriya Gokul Mission in Purnea, Bihar with an investment of Rs. 84.27 crores.
- It is one of the largest semen stations in the government sector with a production capacity of 50 lakh semen doses per annum.
- It will give a new dimension to development and conservation of indigenous breeds of Bihar and meet the demand of semen doses of eastern and northeastern States.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) Laboratories:
- Various IVF laboratories are being set up across the country through a 100% grant in aid.
- These labs are crucial for propagating elite animals of indigenous breeds and thereby enhancing milk production and productivity manifold.
- Use of Sex-sorted Semen in Artificial Insemination:
- Through this method, only female calves can be produced (with more than 90% accuracy) which will help double the growth rate of milk production in the country.
- Demonstration of IVF Technology at Farmer's Doorstep:
- It will propagate the technology for multiplication of high yielding animals at a faster rate as through the use of technology, a female cattle can give birth to 20 calves in a year.