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Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

  • 10 Sep 2020
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) has been digitally launched.

Key Points

  • PMMSY is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country as a part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It aims to:
    • Adopt ‘Cluster or Area-based Approaches’ and create fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
    • Focus especially on employment generation activities such as seaweed and ornamental fish cultivation.
    • Address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernisation and strengthening of the value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
    • Consolidate the achievements of the blue revolution and bring new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance, support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, integrated aqua parks, e-trading/marketing, etc.
  • Targets:
    • Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne and increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
    • Double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
    • Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.
    • Generate an additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in the fisheries sector and allied activities.
  • Budget and Time Period:
    • An estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crore for a period of 5 years from financial year (FY) 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.
    • This investment is the highest ever in the fisheries sector yet.
  • Implementation: It will be implemented as an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely:
    • Central Sector Scheme: The project cost will be borne by the Central government.
    • Centrally Sponsored Scheme: All the sub-components/activities will be implemented by the States/UTs and the cost will be shared between Centre and State.

Other Inaugurations Related to Animal Husbandry

  • e-Gopala App:
    • It is a comprehensive breed improvement marketplace and information portal for direct use of farmers.
    • It will provide solutions on the aspects of:
      • Managing livestock including buying and selling of disease-free germplasm in all forms (semen, embryos, etc.).
      • Availability of quality breeding services (Artificial Insemination, veterinary first aid, vaccination, treatment, etc.).
      • Guiding farmers for animal nutrition and treatment of animals using appropriate ayurvedic medicine/ethnoveterinary medicine.
      • Providing a mechanism to send alerts and inform farmers about various government schemes and campaigns in the area.
  • Semen Station:
    • The state of the art facility has been established under Rashtriya Gokul Mission in Purnea, Bihar with an investment of Rs. 84.27 crores.
    • It is one of the largest semen stations in the government sector with a production capacity of 50 lakh semen doses per annum.
    • It will give a new dimension to development and conservation of indigenous breeds of Bihar and meet the demand of semen doses of eastern and northeastern States.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) Laboratories:
    • Various IVF laboratories are being set up across the country through a 100% grant in aid.
    • These labs are crucial for propagating elite animals of indigenous breeds and thereby enhancing milk production and productivity manifold.
  • Use of Sex-sorted Semen in Artificial Insemination:
    • Through this method, only female calves can be produced (with more than 90% accuracy) which will help double the growth rate of milk production in the country.
  • Demonstration of IVF Technology at Farmer's Doorstep:
    • It will propagate the technology for multiplication of high yielding animals at a faster rate as through the use of technology, a female cattle can give birth to 20 calves in a year.

Source: PIB

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