हिंदी साहित्य: पेन ड्राइव कोर्स
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Biodiversity & Environment

Pollinator Week

  • 26 Jun 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Pollinator Week is celebrated from 22nd June to 28th June every year.

  • It was initiated by the non-profit Pollinator Partnership and the USA’ Senate in 2007.

Key Points

  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), bees being the dominant pollinators, have around 25,000-30,000 species.
  • More than 180,000 plant species, including 1,200 crop varieties, across the world, depend on pollinators to reproduce.
  • Declining Numbers:
    • Around 40% of invertebrate pollinator species, particularly bees and butterflies, face extinction across the world.
    • In India, wild honeybees of the genus Apis, including the Asian bee and the little bee, have declined steadily for the past 30 years.
    • Around 16.5% of vertebrate pollinators are threatened with extinction.
      • Of these, 45 species of bats, 36 species of non-flying mammals, 26 species of hummingbirds, seven species of sunbirds and 70 species of passerine birds face extinction.
  • Reasons for the Decline: Most of them are the result of an increase in human activities:

Pollination

  • When a pollen grain moves from the anther (male part) of a flower to the stigma (female part), pollination happens and it is the first step in a process that produces seeds, fruits, and the next generation of plants.
  • This can happen through self-pollination, wind and water pollination or through pollinators.

Pollinators

  • Vectors that move pollen within the flower and from flower to flower are called pollinators.
  • They visit flowers to drink nectar or feed off of pollen and transport pollen grains as they move from spot to spot.
  • There are two categories of pollinators:
    • Invertebrate pollinators: Include bees, moths, flies, wasps, beetles and butterflies.
    • Vertebrate pollinators: Include monkeys, rodents, lemurs, tree squirrels and birds.

Way Forward

  • Pollination contributes to one-third of the world’s agricultural crop production and pollinators can increase crop yield by 24% in small diverse farms and its reduction can pose an immediate threat to mankind’s food and nutrition.
  • People should leave some areas under natural habitation, promote hedgerows, flower trees and shrub plant diversity, intercropping and try to be less dependent on toxic chemicals and pesticides.
  • Governments should take proactive steps for bee conservation, recognise apiculture (bee-keeping) as a subject for advanced research and promote it among farmer communities as an additional source of livelihood, which will be a win-win situation for both the bees and humans.

Source: DTE

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