Periyar Tiger Reserve
- 01 Feb 2021
- 2 min read
Why in News
For the first time in the country, the Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Kerala has taken up training of a tiger cub to equip it to naturally hunt in the forest environment.
- It falls in the districts of Idukki and Pathanamthitta in Kerala (saddled in the southern region of Western Ghats).
- Declared a Sanctuary during 1950 and declared as Tiger Reserve during 1978. It gets its name from the River Periyar which has its origin deep inside the reserve.
- The major rivers through the reserve are Mullayar and Periyar.
- The sanctuary comprises tropical evergreen, semi evergreen, moist deciduous forests and grasslands.
- About 1966 species of flowering plants grow in the sanctuary.
- Of this about 516 are endemic to the Western Ghats.
- The sanctuary is a repository of medicinal plants numbering to about 300.
- Some are endemic to the region like Syzygium periyarensis (a tree), Habenaria periyarensis (an orchid) and Mucuna pruriense thekkadiensis (a climber) etc.
- There are six tribal communities nestled inside the reserve such as Mannans, Paliyans, Malayarayans, Mala Pandarams, Uralis and Ulladans.
- Protected Areas in Kerala: