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Important Facts For Prelims

Nilgiri Tahr

  • 09 Sep 2019
  • 3 min read

Recently, Nilgiri tahr’s population has increased from 568 in 2018 to 612 in 2019 in the Mukurthi National Park, Tamil Nadu.

  • The recent increase has favoured a healthy sex ratio i.e.slightly skewed in favour of female goats.
  • There has been almost 27% increase in the population of the tahr in the Nilgiris over the last three years.
  • Factors responsible for maintaining an increase in the population of Nilgiri Tahr are:
    • Keeping the national park closed to tourists and free from poaching
    • Fighting the spread of invasive flora.

Nilgiri Tahr

  • Nilgiri Tahr is also known as Nilgiri Ibex.
  • It has been listed as “Endangered” by IUCN.
  • It has been listed under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 which provides absolute protection and offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties
  • The Adult males of Nilgiri Tahr species develop a light grey area or “saddle” on their backs and are hence called “Saddlebacks”
  • It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is found in open montane grassland habitat of rain forests ecoregion.
  • It is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in
    • Tamil Nadu
    • Kerala
  • Threats:
    • Habitat loss (mainly from domestic livestock and spread of invasive plants)
    • Poaching,
    • Populations of these animals are small and isolated, making them vulnerable to local extinction,
    • Climate Change

Mukurthi National Park

  • It is a protected area located in the northwest corner of Tamil Nadu in the Western Ghats.
  • The park was created to protect its keystone species, the Nilgiri Tahr.
  • The park is characterised by montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas in a high altitude area of high rainfall, near-freezing temperatures and high winds.
  • It is also home to an array of endangered wildlife, including royal Bengal tiger and Asian elephant, but its main mammal attraction is the Nilgiri tahr.
  • The park was previously known as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.
  • It is part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve along with Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and Silent Valley.

Source:TH

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