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Important Facts For Prelims

Pench Tiger Reserve: Maharashtra

  • 06 Mar 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, a female cub of 'man-eater' tigress Avni has been released into the wild in the Pench Tiger Reserve (PTR) of Maharashtra.

Key Points

  • About:
    • It is located in Nagpur District of Maharashtra and named after the pristine Pench River.
      • The Pench river flows right through the middle of the park.
      • It descends from north to south, thereby dividing the reserve into equal eastern and western parts.
    • PTR is the joint pride of both Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
      • The Reserve is located in the southern reaches of the Satpura hills in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts in Madhya Pradesh, and continues in Nagpur district in Maharashtra as a separate Sanctuary.
    • It was declared a National Park by the Government of Maharashtra in 1975 and the identity of a tiger reserve was granted to it in the year 1998-1999.
      • However, PTR Madhya Pradesh was granted the same status in 1992-1993. It is one of the major Protected Areas of Satpura-Maikal ranges of the Central Highlands.
    • It is among the sites notified as Important Bird Areas (IBA) of India.
      • The IBA is a programme of Birdlife International which aims to identify, monitor and protect a global network of IBAs for conservation of the world’s birds and associated diversity.
  • Flora:
    • The green cover is thickly spread throughout the reserve.
    • A mixture of Southern dry broadleaf teak forests and tropical mixed deciduous forests is present.
    • Shrubs, climbers and trees are also frequently present. Some of them are unique varieties and possess medicinal as well as healing properties.
    • Bamboo plantations are also present nearby the water banks.
  • Fauna:
    • Mammals:
      • These include – sloth bear, jackal, nilgai, wild dog etc.
    • Birds:
      • This comprises peafowl, magpie robin, pintail, drongo, unia, myna etc.
  • Major Tiger Reserves of India:

Source: IE

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