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Agriculture

CSIR Floriculture Mission

  • 06 Mar 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, CSIR Floriculture Mission has been approved for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India.

  • CSIR’s Societal Portal has also been launched along with the Android App.

Key Points

  • About the MIssion:
    • Floriculture is a branch of horticulture that deals with the cultivation, processing and marketing of ornamental plants vis-à-vis landscaping of small or large areas, and maintenance of gardens so that the surroundings may appear aesthetically pleasant.
    • The mission will focus on commercial floral crops, seasonal/annual crops, wild ornaments and cultivation of flower crops for honey bee rearing.
      • Some of the popular crops include Gladiolus, Canna, Carnation, Chrysanthemum, Gerbera, Lilium, Marigold, Rose, Tuberose etc.
    • In the mission, available knowledge base in Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Institutes will be utilized and leveraged to help Indian farmers and industry.
      • The Indian floriculture market was worth Rs. 15,700 crore in 2018. The market is projected to reach Rs. 47,200 crore by 2024 during 2019-24.
  • Along with CSIR, other implementing agencies involved are:
  • Significance of the Mission:
    • Raising Income: Floriculture has the potential to provide employment to a large number of people through nursery raising, floriculture farming, entrepreneurship development for nursery trade, value addition and export.
    • Agro Climatic diversity: India has diverse agro-climatic and edaphic conditions (physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil), and rich plant diversity, still it shares only 0.6% of the global floriculture market.
    • Import Substitution: At least 1200 million USD worth of floriculture products are being imported by India every year from different countries.
    • The convergence of Floriculture with Apiculture (beekeeping) as envisaged in the mission will yield even greater benefits.
  • Other Related Initiative (Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture):
    • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo.
  • About CSIR’s Societal Portal:
    • This Portal has been developed by CSIR Team with the help of MyGov Team.
    • The Portal is to facilitate the public to submit the societal problems that can be resolved using S&T interventions.
    • This is the first step in terms of seeking inputs on challenges and problems being faced by different stakeholders in society.

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research

  • It was established by the Government of India in September 1942 as an autonomous body. It comes under the Ministry of Science & Technology.
  • It is known for its cutting edge research and development knowledge base in diverse science and technology areas.
  • It has been ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020.
    • The Nature Index provides close to a real-time proxy of high-quality research output and collaboration at the institutional, national and regional level.

Source: PIB

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