Oslo Peace Accords
- 27 Jan 2020
- 2 min read
Why in News
Palestine has threatened to withdraw from key provisions of the Oslo Accords if the US announces its Middle East Peace Plan.
- It is being said that the plan will turn Israel’s temporary occupation of Palestinian territory into a permanent occupation.
- Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.
- Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.
- Oslo II is officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza (1995), expanded on Oslo I.
- It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.
- Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.
- The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades.
- The question of Jerusalem was left undecided under the Oslo Accords.