Oslo Peace Accords | 27 Jan 2020

Why in News

Palestine has threatened to withdraw from key provisions of the Oslo Accords if the US announces its Middle East Peace Plan.

  • It is being said that the plan will turn Israel’s temporary occupation of Palestinian territory into a permanent occupation.

Oslo Accords

  • Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.
  • Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.
  • Oslo II is officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza (1995), expanded on Oslo I.
    • It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.
    • Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.
    • The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades.
  • The question of Jerusalem was left undecided under the Oslo Accords.

Source: TH