Important Facts For Prelims
New Addition to the Ramsar Sites List
- 05 Aug 2022
- 6 min read
Why in News?
Recently, India has added 10 more Ramsar sites, or wetlands that are of international importance, taking the number of such sites to 64.
- Earlier, India designated five new wetlands of international importance – the Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest and Pichavaram Mangrove in Tamil Nadu, Pala wetland in Mizoram and Sakhya Sagar in Madhya Pradesh.
- A Ramsar site is a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, which is also known as the ‘Convention on Wetlands’ — an intergovernmental environmental treaty established by UNESCO in 1971, and named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed that year.
|Which New Sites have been added?|
|Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||
|Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu||
|Vembannur Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||
|Vellode Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||
|Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||
|Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||
|Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary||Karnataka||
|Sirpur Wetland||Madhya Pradesh||
UPSC Civil Services Examination Previous Year Question (PYQ)
Q. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? (2014)
(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference.
(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometres from the edge of the wetland.
(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed.
(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site.’
- The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interferences. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
- The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975.
Q. What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. (2018)