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National Judicial Data Grid

  • 26 Aug 2023
  • 3 min read

Source: PIB

Why in News?

Recently, the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) has gained significant attention for its role in revolutionizing the way judicial proceedings are managed in India.

What is the National Judicial Data Grid?

  • About:
    • NJDG is a database of orders, judgments and case details of 18,735 District & Subordinate Courts and High Courts created as an online platform under the eCourts Project.
    • Data is updated on a near real-time basis by the connected District and Taluka courts. It provides data relating to judicial proceedings/decisions of all computerized district and subordinate courts of the country.
    • All High Courts have also joined the NJDG through web services, providing easy access facility to the litigant public.
  • Features:
    • Aligned with the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), NJDG provides an Open Application Programming Interface (API) to Central & State Governments.
    • This API offers streamlined access to NJDG data using designated departmental IDs and access keys.
    • This feature is intended for institutional litigants to evaluate and monitor cases, with plans to extend access to non-institutional litigants in the future.
  • Significance:
    • NJDG works as a monitoring tool to identify, manage & reduce pendency of cases.
    • It helps to provide timely inputs for making policy decisions to reduce delays in disposing of cases and helps in reducing case pendency.
    • It also facilitates better monitoring of court performance and systemic bottlenecks, and, thus, serves as an efficient resource management tool.
    • To track cases related to land disputes, Land Records data of 26 States have been linked with NJDG.
  • International Recognition:
    • In the Ease of Doing Business report for 2018, the World Bank (WB) commended NJDG for its role in generating case management reports that facilitate contract enforcement.
    • This recognition underscores NJDG's significance in improving the business environment.

What are the Other Initiatives under E-court Projects?

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