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Mysterious Liver Disease

  • 21 Apr 2022
  • 2 min read

Why in News?

Recently, some Cases of a Mysterious Liver Disease have been reported in Spain, Denmark and the Netherlands, besides the US and UK.

What is this Mysterious Disease?

  • About:
    • Children between the age of 1 to 6 years old have been the target of the disease.
    • According to reports, the disease might be related to virus usually associated with colds.
    • The disease has been reported to be severe so far. Though no children died so far in the US, UK, six children needed liver transplants.
  • Symptoms:
    • The symptoms are general liver diseases like hepatitis or liver inflammation but the cause remains unknown.
    • Jaundice, diarrhoea and abdominal pain has been reported.
  • Probable Causes:
    • Laboratory testing has ruled out the hepatitis type A, B, C and E viruses that usually cause such illnesses. The role of international travel, if any, is not yet known.
    • Maybe a group of viruses called adenoviruses, which cause common respiratory illnesses such as the common cold.
      • Some of the European children tested positive for adenovirus, and some tested positive for Covid-19.
      • Adenoviruses are preferred for vaccines because their DNA (DeoxyRiboNucleic Acid) is double stranded which makes them genetically more stable and the chances of them changing after injection are lower.
    • As per their analyses, there could be a possible association of hepatitis with Adenovirus 41.

Source: IE

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