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Multiple Indicator Survey-NSS 78th Round Report 2020-2021

  • 21 Mar 2023
  • 2 min read

Why in News?

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) carried out the Multiple Indicator Survey (MIS) covering the entire country in its 78th round.

What is a Multiple Indicator Survey?

  • A MIS is a type of survey designed to collect data on a range of key indicators related to the well-being of individuals, households, and communities. The survey typically covers topics such as health, education, water and sanitation, nutrition, and child protection.

What are the Objectives of the MIS?

  • To collect information for developing estimates of some important Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators.
  • To collect information Purchase/Construction of house(s)/ flat(s) by the household for residential purpose after 31.03.2014 and information on Migration.

What are the Key Findings?

  • Drinking Water Accessibility:
    • Kerala, Manipur, Nagaland, and Jharkhand have less than 90% access to an improved source of drinking water.
    • Among major states, Assam, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Odisha are among the worst in access to tapped drinking water for both rural and urban households.
  • Access to an Exclusive Toilet:
    • Among the major states Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha have the lowest proportion of rural households with access to an exclusive toilet.
  • LPG Connections for Cooking:
    • In the states like Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Nagaland and Madhya Pradesh, for more than 70% of households, firewood is the primary source of energy for cooking. These states along with Jharkhand have less than 25% of households using LPG for cooking– the lowest among all states and UTs
  • Education, Employment, or Training:
    • Among big states, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Kerala, and Delhi have the highest proportion (more than 20%) of men aged 15 to 24 who were not in education, employment, or training at the time of the survey.
    • For females, the proportion was highest in Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Odisha, Gujarat, West Bengal, and Bihar.
  • Other Major Findings:

Source: PIB

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