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Indian History

Maharaja Chhatrasal

  • 30 Mar 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

The Maharaja Chhatrasal Convention Centre has been inaugurated at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh.

  • The Convention Centre, named after the legendary Bundelkhand King Maharaja Chhatrasal, was built under the Swadesh Darshan scheme of the Ministry of Tourism.

Khajuraho

  • It is one of the nineteen identified iconic destinations in the country.
    • The Ministry of Tourism has framed ‘Development of Iconic Tourist Destinations Scheme’, a Central Sector Scheme for development of nineteen identified iconic destinations in the country following a holistic approach.
  • The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.
    • The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures.
    • Most Khajuraho temples were built between 885 AD and 1050 AD by the Chandela dynasty.

Swadesh Darshan Scheme

  • Swadesh Darshan, a Central Sector Scheme, was launched in 2014-15 for integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.
    • Currently, there are 15 theme based circuits - Buddhist, Coastal, Desert, Eco, Heritage, Himalayan, Krishna, North-east, Ramayana, Rural, Spiritual, Sufi, Tirthankara, Tribal and Wildlife.
    • Theme-based tourist circuits are developed on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner to enrich tourist experience and enhance employment opportunities.
  • Under the scheme, the Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for infrastructure development of circuits.
  • This scheme is envisioned to synergise with other schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, Make in India etc. with the idea of positioning the tourism sector as a major engine for job creation, driving force for economic growth and building synergy with various sectors to enable tourism to realise its potential.

Key Points

  • Brief Profile:
    • Birth : Born on 4th May 1649, to Champat Rai and Lal Kunwar, into the Bundela Rajput clan.
    • Medieval Indian warrior, fought against the Mughal Empire, and established his own kingdom in Bundelkhand.
    • Descendant of Rudra Pratap Singh of Orchha.
    • Ancestors were vassals of the Mughal emperor.
    • Death: 20th December, 1731.
  • Power Struggle Against the Mughal:
    • He started his struggle in 1671, and first captured Naugaon region of Chhatarpur district.
    • He fought for 50 years against Mughals and captured a large part of Bundelkhand with his seat of power at Panna.
  • Relation with Baji Rao I:
    • Baji Rao I helped Chhatrashal against the Mughals. He sent military aid against the Mughal force led by Muhammad Khan Bangash in 1728.
    • The Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I's second wife Mastani was Chhatrasal's daughter.
    • Before his death, Chhatrasal transferred Mahoba and the surrounding area to Baji Rao I in return for his assistance against the Mughals.
  • Patron of Literature :
    • His court housed several noted poets. His eulogies written by Kavi Bhushan, Lal Kavi, Bakhshi Hansaraj and other court poets helped him gain lasting fame.
  • Religious View:
    • Disciple of Mahamati Prannathji.
    • Swami Prannathji also guided him in political, social, and economic matters.
    • Swami Prannathji told Chhatrasal regarding Diamond mines of Panna and thus helped him in strengthening his financial position.
  • Legacy:
    • The Chhatarpur town and its district in Madhya Pradesh are named after Chhatrasal.
    • Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum in Madhya Pradesh and the Chhatrasal Stadium in Delhi are also named after the Maharaja Chhatrasal.

Source: PIB

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