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Kalanamak Rice

  • 31 Oct 2022
  • 4 min read

Why in News?

Recently, Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) successfully tested two new dwarf varieties of Kalanamak rice i.e., Pusa Narendra Kalanamak 1638 and Pusa Narendra Kalanamak 1652 in Uttar Pradesh that give double the yield.

  • This will address the problem of lodging responsible for low yield seen across the traditional variety.

What is Kalanamak Rice?

  • About:
    • Kalanamak is a traditional variety of paddy with a black husk and a strong fragrance.
    • It is considered a ‘gift from Lord Buddha’ to the people of the Sravasti when he visited the region after enlightenment.
    • It is grown in 11 districts of the Terai region of northeastern Uttar Pradesh and in Nepal.
    • It is protected under the Geographical Indication (GI) tag system.
  • Farmer's Benefits from Kalanamak Rice:
    • Natural Cultivation: Kala Namak rice is grown mainly without using fertiliser or pesticide residues, making it perfect for crop production.
    • Cost-effective factor: Since pesticides and fertilisers are not used, the expense is lowered and the grower saves a lot of money.
  • Health Benefits of Kalanamak Rice:
    • Kala Namak rice acts as an antioxidant like anthocyanin, which assists in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the advancement of skincare.
    • Kalanamak rice includes a lot of micronutrients like zinc and iron. As a result, eating this rice is also said to protect against illness caused by zinc and iron deficits.
    • It is claimed that eating Kalanamak rice on a regular basis can help prevent Alzheimer's disease.
    • Kala Namak rice can also help strengthen, regrow, and galvanise the body, as well as help regulate blood pressure, diabetes, and skin damage.
  • Issue with the Traditional Variety:
    • The problem with the traditional variety of Kalanamak paddy is that it’s tall and prone to lodging, which badly impacted grain filling and quality.
      • Lodging is a condition in which the top of the plant becomes heavy because of grain formation, the stem becomes weak, and the plant falls on the ground.

UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Question

Q. India enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 in order to comply with the obligations to (2018)

(a) ILO
(b) IMF
(d) WTO
Ans: D

  • Geographical indications (GIs) are a type of intellectual property (IP). The World Trade Organisation (WTO) recognises intellectual property rights under TRIPS (TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement.
  • Under Article 22(1) of the TRIPS Agreement, the GIs are defined as “indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a Member, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin”.
  • Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

Source: TH

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