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International Leopard Day 2023

  • 05 May 2023
  • 3 min read

Why in News?

On International Leopard Day (May 3, 2023), the Cape Leopard Trust (CLT), an active predator conservation working group, launched a new portal dedicated to leopards to promote and celebrate leopards globally.

  • The portal was launched at the Global Leopard Conference.

What are the Characteristics of Leopard?

  • Scientific Name:
    • Panthera pardus
  • About:
    • Leopards are elusive and nocturnal animals whose size and colour depend on the habitat. They are great climbers and hide in trees, where they hide their prey to avoid competition.
  • Geographical Extent:
    • Members of the cat family, leopards live in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Russia, and the Indian subcontinent.
      • The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Habitat:
    • In comparison to other large carnivores, leopards are quite adaptable with respect to their habitat needs and food requirements, being found in:
      • Agro-pastoral landscapes
      • Plantations
      • Near human habitation (both rural and urban)
  • Population in India:
    • As per ‘Status of leopards in India, 2018’ report released by MoEF&CC, there has been a “60% increase in the population count of leopards in India from 2014 estimates’’.
      • The 2014 estimates placed the population of leopards at nearly 8,000 which has increased to 12,852.
    • The largest number of leopards have been estimated in Madhya Pradesh (3,421) followed by Karnataka (1,783) and Maharashtra (1,690).
  • Threat:
  • Protection Status:
  • Human-Leopard Conflict:

UPSC Civil Services Exam, Previous Year Questions (PYQ)

Q. Consider the following: (2012)

  1. Black-necked crane
  2. Cheetah
  3. Flying squirrel
  4. Snow leopard

Which of the above are naturally found in India?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only 
(c) 2 and 4 only 
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans: (b)

Source: DTE

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