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Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme

  • 20 Apr 2020
  • 3 min read

Why In News

Recently, the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme has been activated as a response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

  • The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in assistance with the World Bank, in 2004.
  • It continued as the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) during 12th Plan (2012–17) under the National Health Mission with a domestic budget.
  • Under it, a Central Surveillance Unit (CSU) at Delhi, State Surveillance Units (SSU) at all State/Union Territories (UTs) head quarters and District Surveillance Units (DSU) at all Districts have been established.
  • Objectives:
    • To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based and IT enabled disease surveillance systems for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends.
    • To detect and respond to outbreaks in the early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Teams (RRTs).
  • Programme Components:
    • Integration and decentralization of surveillance activities through establishment of surveillance units at Centre, State and District level.
    • Human Resource Development – Training of State Surveillance Officers (SSOs), District Surveillance Officers (DSOs), RRT and other medical and paramedical staff on principles of disease surveillance.
    • Use of Information Communication Technology for collection, collation, compilation, analysis and dissemination of data.
    • Strengthening of public health laboratories.
    • Inter sectoral Coordination for zoonotic diseases.
  • Helps in Controlling the Disease Outbreak:
    • Data is collected on epidemic prone diseases on a weekly basis.
      • The weekly data gives information on the disease trends and seasonality of diseases.
    • The information is collected on three specified reporting formats, namely “S” (suspected cases), “P” (presumptive cases) and “L” (laboratory confirmed cases) filled by Health Workers, Clinicians and Laboratory staff respectively.
    • Whenever there is a rising trend of illnesses in any area, it is investigated by the RRT to diagnose and control the outbreak.
  • IDSP Portal:
    • The IDSP portal is a one stop portal which has facilities for data entry, view reports, outbreak reporting, data analysis, training modules and resources related to disease surveillance.
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