- 30 May 2022
- 3 min read
Why in the news?
Defence Minister undertook a sea sortie on a Scorpene class submarine ‘INS Khanderi’ at Karwar.
- During the trip he witnessed a wide range of operational drills with the submarine demonstrating the advanced sensor suite, combat system and weapon capability which provides it a distinct advantage in the subsurface domain.
What is a Scorpene Class Submarine?
- The submarines in the Project-75 Scorpene Class are powered by diesel-electric propulsion systems.
- Scorpene is one of the most sophisticated submarines, capable of undertaking multifarious missions including anti-surface ship warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, and area surveillance.
- The Scorpene class is the Navy’s first modern conventional submarine series in almost two decades since INS Sindhushastra, procured from Russia in July 2000.
What is Submarine Khanderi?
- Khanderi is a Kalvari class diesel-electric attack submarine.
- It has been named after a deadly sawfish Khanderi which is found in the Indian Ocean.
- Indian Navy had commissioned the first Khanderi submarine on December 6, 1968, and served till its decommissioning in October 1989.
- These submarines other than Khanderi include – Karanj , Vela, Vagir ,Vagsheer and Kavalari have already been launched in water.
What is the Kavalari Class of Submarine?
- Kalvari class is based on Scorpene-class submarines built for the Indian Navy with diesel-electric attack capacity.
- The Defence Ministry of India approved Project-75 in 1997 that allows the Indian Navy to acquire 24 submarines.
What is Project-75?
- P-75 is one of two lines of submarines, the other being P75I, as part of a plan approved in 1999 for indigenous submarine construction with technology taken from overseas firms.
- The contract for six submarines under P75 was given to Mazgaon dock in October 2005 and delivery was to start from 2012, but the project has faced delays.
- The programme has been undertaken with transfer of technology from French company Naval Group (formerly known as DCNS) at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).