Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Important Facts For Prelims
Switch To Hindi

Indus River Dolphin

  • 18 Nov 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, Punjab's wildlife preservation wing has batted for conservation of Indus river dolphins and also their natural habitat.

  • The Indus river dolphin was declared the State aquatic animal of Punjab in 2019.

Key Points

  • About:
    • Scientific Name: Platanista gangetica minor
    • According to a recent study of South Asian river dolphins, Indus and Ganges River dolphins are not one, but two separate species. Currently, they are classified as two subspecies under Platanista gangetica.
    • Like other freshwater dolphins (such as Ganges river dolphins) , the Indus river dolphin is an important indicator of the health of a river.
    • Other dolphins found in Indian waters include: Ganges River Dolphins, Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • Habitat:
    • They can only be found in the lower parts of the Indus River in Pakistan and in River Beas, a tributary of the Indus River in Punjab, India.
  • Threats:
    • Biological Resource Use: Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources.
    • Natural System Modifications: Dams & water management/use.
    • Pollution: Domestic & urban waste water, Industrial & military effluents, Agricultural & forestry effluents.
  • Conservation Status:
  • Steps Taken:
    • Enumeration of freshwater dolphins is being undertaken as a nationwide project of the Central Government.
    • Project Dolphin: Announced on the eve of Independence Day in the year 2020, it will be on the lines of Project Tiger, which has helped increase the tiger population.

Source: TH

SMS Alerts
Share Page