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International Relations

Indo – US 2+2 Dialogue

  • 21 Dec 2019
  • 4 min read

Why in News

India and the US have recently concluded second 2+2 ministerial dialogue in Washington. Several landmark agreements in both defence and Civilian sectors were signed.

Key Points

  • Industrial Security Annex (ISA)
    • ISA to the General Security Of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) will provide a framework for exchange and protection of classified military information between the U.S. and Indian defence industries.
    • Currently, under GSOMIA, such information is exchanged between the Government authorities of the two countries but not between private parties.
    • This will further promote “Make in India” in the defence sector.
      • In accordance with the budget announcement (2018-19), the government has already decided to set up two Defence Industrial Corridors in the country, one in Uttar Pradesh and another in Tamil Nadu.
  • Peacekeeping for Indo-Pacific
    • Cooperation in capacity-building of UN peacekeepers from Indo-Pacific countries, based on demands from the countries concerned.
    • Counter-terrorism efforts were also discussed including dangers of of cross border terrorism.
  • Tiger Triumph Exercise
  • Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
    • The CDRI was launched at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York, USA in September 2019. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India.
    • The US is now part of it.
  • Water Resource Management
    • Memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between Ministry of Jal Shakti and the U.S. Geological Survey to promote technical cooperation in water resources management and water technology.
  • Space Situational Awareness (SSA)
    • Cooperation for exchange of information including space debris and space traffic management.
    • It ensures navigational safety of our space assets.
  • Young Innovators Internship Programme (YIIP)
    • Create internship opportunities in key areas of science and economy.
    • New opportunities for young entrepreneurs.
  • Parliamentary Exchange and Judicial cooperation
    • Reciprocal visits by Parliamentarians from both countries.
    • The U.S. Federal Judicial Center and India’s National Judicial Academy in Bhopal to cooperate in the area of counter-terrorism jurisprudence to new areas of criminal jurisprudence including money laundering, drug trafficking etc.

‘2+2’ Dialogue

  • It is a format of dialogue where the defense and foreign ministers or secretaries meet with their counterparts from another country. 2+2 Ministerial is the highest-level institutional mechanism between the two countries.
  • India holds such talks with Australia, at the foreign secretary and defense secretary level but with Japan and the US at the ministerial level.
  • With the US this was the second 2+2 meeting (Washington), first was held in New Delhi in September 2018.
  • US holds such ministerial dialogues with Australia and Japan also.

Source: TH

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